Remembering a forgotten battle

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Photos by Kat Hinson Danny Hair places his smudging ceremony tools on the memorial in an effort to heal the pain of the spirits of the dead.
Redland site of Cherokee Chief Bowles memorial
Van Zandt County once had a red-haired, freckled-faced Indian chief that led 13 tribes of Indians against the Texas Calvary in
a battle to the death.
In the tip of the southeastern party of VZC close to Redland, a Cherokee Indian chief and Texas Republic President Sam Houston are memorialized by a five-foot granite marker, denoting the location of the Battle of the Neches.
A gruesome death awaited the half Scotch-Irish and Cherokee Indian Chief Duwa’li Bowles when he took a stand against Texas Republic President Mirabeau Bonaparte Lamar who ordered that all Cherokee Indians be removed from Texas in the 1830s, 
thus forcing Bowles and his tribe from their homes and land previously given to them by Houston.